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Blurring the Lines: Expanding Literacy and Arts Education

Date: 27 April 2021
Photo by Simon Migaj on Unsplash

The photo is taken outdoors at dusk. A person stands in the foreground amid sea oats or another perennial grass. The person is photographed while moving arms and body, creating a blur that mirrors the gauzy cirrus clouds in the background. The last light of the sun paints the darkening sky and clouds with orange, pink and shades of blue and leaves the person and accompanying flora in blurry silhouette. Photo by Simon Migaj on Unsplash

The impact of Amanda Gorman’s inaugural poem was undeniable. The visual effect of red headband, yellow coat, updo with gold mini-cuffs. The hypnotic meter and rhyme delivered with authority and precision. The floating, choreographed hand gestures. The powerful word images demanding attention.

In K-12 public education, literacy can include the literary arts — creative writing and poetry — and has long been primarily the domain of English Language Arts (ELA). The learning standards for poetry live within ELA curricula. While poetry is certainly an art form, it is not commonly included among arts education disciplines (dance, media arts, music, theatre and visual arts). Nor is it specifically included in the National Core Arts Standards definition of artistic literacy. However, the National Endowment for the Arts and many state and local arts councils do include the literary arts in their granting portfolios.

Amanda Gorman got her start at WriteGirl, a creative writing and mentoring organization that brings together poetry and the arts. Southern Word, a youth development program in Nashville, blends ELA and artistic literacies using spoken word and music. Southern Word reaches youth primarily through school-based residencies in ELA classes, with additional outreach through community workshops and community performances. And because music is especially relevant in Nashville, Southern Word also includes programs in music production and writing across genres. What is songwriting after all, but poetry set to music (or beats)? Organizations such as WriteGirl and Southern Word support young people to build artistic and ELA literacy in impactful ways. Southern Word Director Benjamin Smith shares that Southern Word programs, “equip youth with the tools to transition from passive consumers into active thinkers, creators, and projectors of their own positive identity.”

Creative youth education programs, similar to Southern Word, stand at the intersection between ELA literacy, K-12 arts education and broader youth development programs. These organizations are helping to close a gap between discipline-based arts instruction offered in schools and learning taking place out of school, including after school classes, and adding depth and richness to the learning experience. Young people — especially those who attend schools with fewer opportunities in the arts — stand to benefit when schools and community partners work together. Community partners bring an arts-centered perspective, giving schools the opportunity to look at learning through a different lens. Examples of community partner programs and outcomes may be found in ArtsEdSearch research. These types of programs create robust learning experiences through culturally responsive programs that offer youth opportunities to engage in activities that encompass a comprehensive definition of the arts. Creative education is not limited to the school classroom nor does it stop when the bell rings.

Amanda Gorman’s inaugural poem encompasses both literary and performing arts, highlighting the interdisciplinary nature of creativity itself. There are many individuals in our communities who share Amanda’s passion and desire to tell their stories. Blurring the lines of art and literacy education create opportunities for others to listen.

Here are some places to start blurring the lines and embracing the creative potential for all young people:

  • Find a local creative youth development organization and get involved as a volunteer or donor. Check out your local and state arts councils for a list of grantees.
  • If you are an arts teacher/administrator, reach out to your colleagues in English Language Arts and English Language Learner departments and look for ways to collaborate.
  • Ask funders to help in blurring the lines between separate granting categories for the arts, education and creative youth development.
  • Check out these national organizations for ways to support young people’s creative potential:

Title: 2280 Pasos Bajo un Cielo Nublado | Artist: Hernán Jourdan | Medium: Film

When I was asked to create a work of art exploring literacy, I wanted to create a dance but I had no dancers or a studio, so I chose to use my own body in the space I had, my yard. Fluent Nature is video of micro-choreography that explores what cannot be expressed with words, how nature has its own language, and how placing the human body in nature changes the story.

Title: What Is Me and What Is Not Me | Artist: Alex Chadwell | Medium: Music

My thinking on arts and literacy centers around the concept of literacies and artmaking as both sense-making and meaning-making processes that organically and inevitably overlap, intersect, and reciprocate. Compositionally, What is me and what is not me is a sound collage of sorts (there is no notation for the piece, and I'd be hard pressed to recreate it accurately) that abstractly and aurally represents the relationships between literacies and artmaking.

Title: A Curious Honeybee | Artist: Gideon Young | Medium: Film

Offering welcome through traditional and digital elements of literacy, A Curious Honeybee provides an experiential learning environment by activating visual, musical, natural, and emotional literacies.

Title: Tercera Llamada | Artist: Karilú Forshee | Medium: Audio

La Carpa Theatre is a project that I am currently directing in the Detroit Latinx community. The project aims to strengthen and uplift youth voices through devised theatre, in the style of the Mexican Carpas. This audio was created in the theatrical environment envisioned for our project. The ways in which literacies are re-defined are at the heart of La Carpa Theatre's mission.

Title: Literaseas | Artist: MJ Robinson | Medium: Graphite and ink on paper with digital edits

Title: A Riddle | Artist: MJ Robinson | Medium: Graphite on paper with digital edits

Title: False Binaries | Artist: MJ Robinson | Medium: Graphite on paper with digital edits