Arts Education Instructional Requirements

State Arts Ed Instructional Requirement - ElementaryArts Ed Instructional Requirement - MiddleArts Ed Instructional Requirement - High School

Alabama

In every elementary school shall be taught at lest reading including phonics, spelling, handwriting, arithmetic, oral and written English, geography, history of the United States and Alabama, elementary science, hygiene and sanitation, physical education, the arts, including musical and visual arts, environmental protection, and such other studies as may be prescribed by the local board of education. (Ala.Code 1975 § 16-6B-2).

In every elementary school shall be taught at lest reading including phonics, spelling, handwriting, arithmetic, oral and written English, geography, history of the United States and Alabama, elementary science, hygiene and sanitation, physical education, the arts, including musical and visual arts, environmental protection, and such other studies as may be prescribed by the local board of education. (Ala.Code 1975 § 16-6B-2).

Regulations Governing Public Schools: Local boards shall offer foreign languages, arts education, physical education, wellness education, career and technical education, and driver education as electives. (Ala. Admin. Code r. 290-3-1.02 pg. 20)

Alaska

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Arizona

Minimum Course of Study: Students shall demonstrate competency as defined by the State Board-adopted Essential Skills, at the grade levels specified, in the required subject areas: 1) Language arts, 2) Literature, 3) Mathematics, 4) Science, 5) Social Studies, 6) Music, 7) Visual Arts, 8) Health/Physical Education, 9) Foreign or native American Languages. (Ariz. Admin. Code R7-2-301)

Minimum Course of Study: Students shall demonstrate competency as defined by the State Board-adopted Essential Skills, at the grade levels specified, in the required subject areas: 1) Language arts, 2) Literature, 3) Mathematics, 4) Science, 5) Social Studies, 6) Music, 7) Visual Arts, 8) Health/Physical Education, 9) Foreign or native American Languages. (Ariz. Admin. Code R7-2-301)

Minimum Course of Study: Students shall demonstrate competency as defined by the State Board-adopted Essential Skills, at the grade levels specified, in the required subject areas: 1) Language arts, 2) Literature, 3) Mathematics, 4) Science, 5) Social Studies, 6) Music, 7) Visual Arts, 8) Health/Physical Education, 9) Foreign or native American Languages. (Ariz. Admin. Code R7-2-301) 

Arkansas

Safe, Equitable, and Accountable Public Schools: (d) Every school will offer opportunities for students to be able to study and participate in the visual and performing arts, health and physical education, and languages. (Ark. Code Ann. § 6-15-1005)

Visual Art or Music Curriculum: By no later than June 1, 2005, every public elementary school in the state shall provide instruction for no less than forty (40) minutes in visual art and no less than forty (40) minutes in music based on the state visual art and music frameworks each calendar week of the school year or an equivalent amount of time in each school year. (Ark. Code Ann. § 6-16-130)

Safe, Equitable, and Accountable Public Schools: (d) Every school will offer opportunities for students to be able to study and participate in the visual and performing arts, health and physical education, and languages. (Ark. Code Ann. § 6-15-1005)

Safe, Equitable, and Accountable Public Schools: (d) Every school will offer opportunities for students to be able to study and participate in the visual and performing arts, health and physical education, and languages. (Ark. Code Ann. § 6-15-1005)

California

Areas of Study, Grades 1-6: The adopted course of study for grades 1 to 6, inclusive, shall include instruction, beginning in grade 1 and continuing through grade 6, in the following areas of study: (e) Visual and performing arts, including instruction in the subjects of dance, music, theatre, and visual arts, aimed at the development of aesthetic appreciation and the skills of creative expression. (CA EDUC CODE § 51210)

Areas of Study, Grades 7-12: The adopted course of study for grades 7 to 12, inclusive, shall offer courses in the following areas of study: (g) Visual and performing arts, including dance, music, theater, and visual arts, with emphasis upon development of aesthetic appreciation and the skills of creative expression. (CA EDUC CODE § 51220)

Areas of Study, Grades 7-12: The adopted course of study for grades 7 to 12, inclusive, shall offer courses in the following areas of study: (g) Visual and performing arts, including dance, music, theater, and visual arts, with emphasis upon development of aesthetic appreciation and the skills of creative expression. (CA EDUC CODE § 51220)

Colorado

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

On or before December 15, 2011, each local education provider shall review the curricula provided by the public high schools operated by the local education provider in the subject matter areas included in postsecondary and workforce readiness…(b) A local education provider may accommodate the range of student interests and aspirations by adopting multiple curricula that, combined, create multiple postsecondary and workforce readiness programs within a school district or within a high school that are   designed to prepare a student for differing post-graduation goals, including but not limited to immediate entry into the workforce or matriculation into career and technical education or higher education. The local education provider shall ensure, however, that every postsecondary and workforce readiness program adopted by the local education provider: (II) Includes courses in visual arts and performing arts. (C.R.S. 22-7-1015)

Connecticut

Prescribed Courses of Study: In the public schools the program of instruction offered shall include at least the following subject matter... the arts. For purposes of this subsection, the “arts” means any form of visual or performing arts, which may include, but not be limited to, dance, music, art and theatre. (C.G.S.A. 164 § 10-16b)

Prescribed Courses of Study: In the public schools the program of instruction offered shall include at least the following subject matter...the arts. For purposes of this subsection, the “arts” means any form of visual or performing arts, which may include, but not be limited to, dance, music, art and theatre. (C.G.S.A. 164 § 10-16b)

Prescribed Courses of Study: In the public schools the program of instruction offered shall include at least the following subject matter...the arts. For purposes of this subsection, the “arts” means any form of visual or performing arts, which may include, but not be limited to, dance, music, art and theatre. (C.G.S.A. 164 § 10-16b)

Delaware

Instructional Program Requirements: Local school districts and each charter school shall provide instructional programs in the visual and performing arts for each grade K to 12. [In addition,] public school students in each grade 1 to 6 shall be enrolled in a visual and performing arts program. (Code of Del. Regs. Tit. 14 § 503, 6.0)

Instructional programs offered in the public schools of Delaware shall be in alignment with the appropriate content standards documents [including Visual and Performing Arts Content Standards]. (Code Del. Regs. Tit. 14 § 501, 1.0)

Instructional Program Requirements: Local school districts and each charter school shall provide instructional programs in the visual and performing arts for each grade K to 12. [In addition,] public school students in each grade 1 to 6 shall be enrolled in a visual and performing arts program. (Code of Del. Regs. Tit. 14 § 503, 6.0)

Instructional programs offered in the public schools of Delaware shall be in alignment with the appropriate content standards documents [including Visual and Performing Arts Content Standards]. (Code Del. Regs. Tit. 14 § 501, 1.0)

Instructional Program Requirements: Local school districts and each charter school shall provide instructional programs in the visual and performing arts for each grade K to 12 with the exception of the James H. Groves High School program. (Code of Del. Regs. Tit. 14 § 503, 6.0)

Instructional programs offered in the public schools of Delaware shall be in alignment with the appropriate content standards documents [including Visual and Performing Arts Content Standards]. (Code Del. Regs. Tit. 14 § 501, 1.0)

District of Columbia

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Florida

Required Instruction: Each district school board shall provide all courses required for middle grades promotion, high school graduation, and appropriate instruction designed to ensure that students meet State Board of Education adopted standards in the following subject areas: reading and other language arts, mathematics, science, social studies, foreign languages, health and physical education, and the arts. (F.S.A. Title XLVIII, § 1003.42)

Required Instruction: Each district school board shall provide all courses required for middle grades promotion, high school graduation, and appropriate instruction designed to ensure that students meet State Board of Education adopted standards in the following subject areas: reading and other language arts, mathematics, science, social studies, foreign languages, health and physical education, and the arts. (F.S.A. Title XLVIII, § 1003.42)

Required Instruction: Each district school board shall provide all courses required for middle grades promotion, high school graduation, and appropriate instruction designed to ensure that students meet State Board of Education adopted standards in the following subject areas: reading and other language arts, mathematics, science, social studies, foreign languages, health and physical education, and the arts. (F.S.A. Title XLVIII, § 1003.42)

Georgia

The local units of administration (LUAs) shall provide opportunities at the discretion of the student and his/her parents/guardians for the student to master these competencies: 2. Fine Arts. (GA COMP. RULES & REGS. r. 160-4-2-.01)

The local units of administration (LUAs) shall provide opportunities at the discretion of the student and his/her parents/guardians for the student to master these competencies: 2. Fine Arts. (GA COMP. RULES & REGS. r. 160-4-2-.01)

The local units of administration (LUAs) shall provide opportunities at the discretion of the student and his/her parents/guardians for the student to master these competencies: 2. Fine Arts. (GA COMP. RULES & REGS. r. 160-4-2-.01)

All state-supported high schools shall make available to all students the programs of
study for the required High School Diploma and for the College Preparatory and Vocational Education Endorsements. [This includes] Carnegie units in Computer Technology and/or Fine Arts and/or Vocational Education and/or Junior ROTC and/or Foreign Language. (GA COMP. RULES & REGS. r. 160-4-2-.06)

Hawaii

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Idaho

Other Required Instruction: The following [are] required for all elementary students [K-6], as well as other required offerings of the school: Fine Arts (art and music). (ID ADC 08.02.03.104)

Other Required Instruction: Other required offerings of the [middle schools/junior high] schools: [includes] Fine and Performing Arts. (ID ADC 08.02.03.104)

Not found in statute or code.

Illinois

Accountability Framework: Requires each school district to ensure that each school makes available to all students instruction in the six fundamental learning areas, which include the fine arts. (Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23, § 1.10)

Additional Criteria for Elementary Schools: A district shall provide the following coordinated and supervised courses of study: 5) Music [and] 6) Art. The time allotment...is the option of the local board of education. (Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23, § 1.430)

Accountability Framework: Requires each school district to ensure that each school makes available to all students instruction in the six fundamental learning areas, which include the fine arts. (Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23, § 1.10)

Additional Criteria for Elementary Schools: A district shall provide the following coordinated and supervised courses of study: 5) Music [and] 6) Art. The time allotment...is the option of the local board of education. (Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23, § 1.430)

Accountability Framework: Requires each school district to ensure that each school makes available to all students instruction in the six fundamental learning areas, which include the fine arts. (Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23, § 1.10)

Additional Criteria for High Schools: Each district shall provide a comprehensive curriculum that includes at least the following offerings: 6) Music [and] 7) Art. The time allotment...is the option of the local school district. (Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23, § 1.440)

Indiana

Mandatory Curriculum: Each school corporation shall include in the school corporation's curriculum the following studies: (5) Fine arts, including music and art. (Ind. Code § 20-30-5-7)

School Accreditation - Elementary Curriculum: The elementary curriculum develops students' knowledge and skills based on the academic standards in the following: (5) Visual arts and music. Through elective enrichment, the elementary curriculum develops students' knowledge and skills based on the academic standards in the following: (1) Theater and dance. (511 IAC 6.1-5 - 2.6)

Mandatory Curriculum: Each school corporation shall include in the school corporation's curriculum the following studies: (5) Fine arts, including music and art. (Ind. Code § 20-30-5-7)

School Accreditation - Middle Level Curriculum: The middle level curriculum develops students' knowledge and skills based on the academic standards in the following: (5) Visual arts and music. Through elective enrichment, the middle level curriculum develops students' knowledge and skills based on the academic standards in the following: (1) Theater and dance. (511 IAC 6.1-5 - 2.6)

Mandatory Curriculum: Each school corporation shall include in the school corporation's curriculum the following studies: (5) Fine arts, including music and art. (Ind. Code § 20-30-5-7)

School Accreditation - High School Curriculum: The high school curriculum includes all courses and learning areas required by 511 IAC 6-7 and 511 IAC 6-7.1 [which includes fine arts]. (511 IAC 6.1-5 - 4.5)

Iowa

General Educational Standards: The following areas shall be taught in grades one through six: English-language arts, social studies, mathematics, science, health, age-appropriate and research-based human growth and development, physical education, traffic safety, music, and visual art. (Iowa Code § 256.11)

General Educational Standards: The following shall be taught in grades seven and eight: English-language arts; social studies; mathematics; science; health; age-appropriate and research-based human growth and development; family, consumer, career, and technology education; physical education; music; and visual art. (Iowa Code § 256.11)

General Educational Standards: In grades nine through twelve, a unit of credit consists of a course or equivalent related components or partial units taught throughout the academic year. The minimum program to be offered and taught for grades nine through twelve is: i. Three units in the fine arts which shall include at least two of the following: dance, music, theater, and visual art. (Iowa Code § 256.11)

Kansas

School Accreditation Requirements: Each school shall be assigned its accreditation status based upon the extent to which the school has met the performance and quality criteria established by the state board in this regulation. The performance criteria shall be as follows: (9) programs and services to support student learning and growth at both the elementary and secondary levels, including the following: (C) fine arts. (Kan. Admin. Regs. 91-31-32)

School Accreditation Requirements: Each school shall be assigned its accreditation status based upon the extent to which the school has met the performance and quality criteria established by the state board in this regulation. The performance criteria shall be as follows: (9) programs and services to support student learning and growth at both the elementary and secondary levels, including the following: (C) fine arts. (Kan. Admin. Regs. 91-31-32)

School Accreditation Requirements: Each school shall be assigned its accreditation status based upon the extent to which the school has met the performance and quality criteria established by the state board in this regulation. The performance criteria shall be as follows: (9) programs and services to support student learning and growth at both the elementary and secondary levels, including the following: (C) fine arts. (Kan. Admin. Regs. 91-31-32)

Kentucky

Program of Studies: The Kentucky Board of Education must establish courses of study for the different grades and kinds of common schools, with the courses of study to comply with the expected outcomes for students and schools established in Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 158.6451. (704 KAR 3:303)

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 158.6451. expresses that the General Assembly finds, declares, and establishes that schools shall develop their students' ability to: Express their creative talents and interests in visual arts, music, dance, and dramatic arts [...] and, apply core concepts and principles from courses including the arts to situations they will encounter throughout their lives.

Program of Studies: The Kentucky Board of Education must establish courses of study for the different grades and kinds of common schools, with the courses of study to comply with the expected outcomes for students and schools established in Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 158.6451. (704 KAR 3:303)

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 158.6451. expresses that the General Assembly finds, declares, and establishes that schools shall develop their students' ability to: Express their creative talents and interests in visual arts, music, dance, and dramatic arts [...] and, apply core concepts and principles from courses including the arts to situations they will encounter throughout their lives.

Program of Studies: The Kentucky Board of Education must establish courses of study for the different grades and kinds of common schools, with the courses of study to comply with the expected outcomes for students and schools established in Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 158.6451. (704 KAR 3:303)

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. 158.6451. expresses that the General Assembly finds, declares, and establishes that schools shall develop their students' ability to: Express their creative talents and interests in visual arts, music, dance, and dramatic arts [...] and, apply core concepts and principles from courses including the arts to situations they will encounter throughout their lives.

Louisiana

Foundation in Fundamentals: The elementary grades shall provide a foundation in fundamentals of the language arts, mathematics, social studies, science, health, physical education, and cultural arts. (La. Admin. Code tit. 28 CXV Bulletin 741 § 2313 (D))

Elementary Time Requirements: Each public elementary school shall provide 60 minutes of instruction in the performing arts and 60 minutes of instruction in the visual arts each school week for students in kindergarten-grade eight. (La. Admin. Code tit. 28 CXV Bulletin 741 § 2313 (F))

Foundation in Fundamentals: The elementary grades shall provide a foundation in fundamentals of the language arts, mathematics, social studies, science, health, physical education, and cultural arts. (La. Admin. Code tit. 28 CXV Bulletin 741 § 2313 (D))

Elementary Time Requirements: Each public elementary school shall provide 60 minutes of instruction in the performing arts and 60 minutes of instruction in the visual arts each school week for students in kindergarten-grade eight. (La. Admin. Code tit. 28 CXV Bulletin 741 § 2313 (F))

Not found in statute or code.

Maine

Elementary Course of Study: The basic course of study for the elementary schools must provide for the instruction of all students in career and education development, English language arts, world languages, health education and physical education, mathematics, science and technology, social studies and visual and performing arts, as described in the parameters for essential instruction and graduation requirements subject to the schedule specified in section 6209. (Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 20-A, § 4711)

Middle School Course of Study: The basic course of study for the junior high schools or middle schools must provide for the instruction of all students in career and education development, English language arts, health education and physical education, mathematics, science and technology, social studies, visual and performing arts and world languages, as described in the parameters for essential instruction and graduation requirements subject to the schedule specified in section 6209. (Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 20-A, § 4712)

Secondary Schools General Requirement: A secondary…program must include instruction for all students in career and education development, English language arts, health education and physical education, mathematics, science and technology, social studies, visual and performing arts and world languages. (Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 20-A § 4721)

Maryland

Fine Arts Programs, Grades K-8: Each local school system shall provide an instructional program in fine arts each year for all students in grades K-8. Each student must have the opportunity to participate in fine arts instructional programs. (COMAR 13A.04.16.01)

Curriculum Guides: Consistent with Education Article, §4-110, Annotated Code of Maryland, each of the local school systems shall provide fine arts education curriculum guides for the elementary, middle, and high schools under its jurisdiction. (COMAR 13A.04.16.01.C)

Fine Arts Programs, Grades K-8: Each local school system shall provide an instructional program in fine arts each year for all students in grades K-8. Each student must have the opportunity to participate in fine arts instructional programs. (COMAR 13A.04.16.01)

Curriculum Guides: Consistent with Education Article, §4-110, Annotated Code of Maryland, each of the local school systems shall provide fine arts education curriculum guides for the elementary, middle, and high schools under its jurisdiction. (COMAR 13A.04.16.01.C)

Fine Arts Programs, Grades 9-12: Each local school system shall provide an instructional program in fine arts each year for all students in grades 9-12 which shall enable students to meet graduation credit requirements and to select fine arts electives. Each student must have the opportunity to participate in fine arts instructional programs. (COMAR 13A.04.16.01)

Curriculum Guides: Consistent with Education Article, §4-110, Annotated Code of Maryland, each of the local school systems shall provide fine arts education curriculum guides for the elementary, middle, and high schools under its jurisdiction. (COMAR 13A.04.16.01.C)

Massachusetts

Every town shall maintain...a sufficient number of schools for the instruction of all children who may legally attend a public school therein. Such schools shall be taught by teachers of competent ability and good morals, and shall give instruction and training in orthography, reading, writing, the English language and grammar, geography, arithmetic, drawing, music, the history and constitution of the United States, the duties of citizenship, health education, physical education and good behavior. (Mass. Ann. Laws ch. 71, § 1)

Every town shall maintain...a sufficient number of schools for the instruction of all children who may legally attend a public school therein. Such schools shall be taught by teachers of competent ability and good morals, and shall give instruction and training in orthography, reading, writing, the English language and grammar, geography, arithmetic, drawing, music, the history and constitution of the United States, the duties of citizenship, health education, physical education and good behavior. (Mass. Ann. Laws ch. 71, § 1)

Every town shall maintain...a sufficient number of schools for the instruction of all children who may legally attend a public school therein. Such schools shall be taught by teachers of competent ability and good morals, and shall give instruction and training in orthography, reading, writing, the English language and grammar, geography, arithmetic, drawing, music, the history and constitution of the United States, the duties of citizenship, health education, physical education and good behavior. (Mass. Ann. Laws ch. 71, § 1)

Michigan

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Minnesota

Compulsory Instruction: Instruction must be provided in at least the following subject areas: (1) basic communication skills including reading and writing, literature, and fine arts. (Minn. Stat. 120A.22)

Required Academic Standards: Public elementary and middle schools must offer at least three, and require at least two, of the following four arts areas: dance, music, theater and visual arts. (Minn. Stat. 120B.021)

Compulsory Instruction: Instruction must be provided in at least the following subject areas: (1) basic communication skills including reading and writing, literature, and fine arts. (Minn. Stat. 120A.22)

Required Academic Standards: Public elementary and middle schools must offer at least three, and require at least two, of the following four arts areas: dance, music, theater and visual arts. (Minn. Stat. 120B.021)

Compulsory Instruction: Instruction must be provided in at least the following subject areas: (1) basic communication skills including reading and writing, literature, and fine arts. (Minn. Stat. 120A.22)

Required Academic Standards: Public elementary and middle schools must offer at least three, and require at least two, of the following four arts areas: dance, music, theater and visual arts. (Minn. Stat. 120B.021)

Mississippi

Process Standards, Instructional Practices: 33) The curriculum of each elementary or middle school at a minimum consists of… the arts. (MS Public School Accountability Standards, p. 26)

Process Standards, Instructional Practices: 33) The curriculum of each elementary or middle school at a minimum consists of… the arts. (MS Public School Accountability Standards, p. 26)

Process Standards, Instructional Practices: 32) The curriculum of each high school at a minimum consists of required and approved courses that generate at least 33 1/2 Carnegie units annually [one unit in The Arts is required]. (MS Public School Accountability Standards, p. 25)

Missouri

Arts Instruction: Each elementary student will receive instruction in art, music, and physical education for a minimum of fifty (50) minutes in each area each week. These classes shall be taught by teachers with appropriate certification. (5 CSR 20-100, R-1)

Arts Instruction: Art and music are scheduled and taught so that all students have access to each for a minimum of 1,500 minutes each year. (5 CSR 20-100, R-2)

Arts Instruction: Each high school provides all students in grades 9-12 sufficient access to content required to meet the minimum graduation credit requirements and meet the specific needs of students and communities. Content areas must include: English language arts, mathematics, science, department-approved career education (e.g., agriculture education), social studies, world languages, fine arts (art and music), physical education, health, practical arts, and personal finance, as appropriate for high school. (5 CSR 20-100, R-3)

Montana

Basic Education Program--Elementary: An elementary school shall have an education program aligned to the program area standards that enables students to meet the content standards [one of which is the arts] and content-specific grade-level learning progressions. (ARM tit. 10.55.901)

Basic Education Program--Middle Grades: The Board of Public Education, upon recommendation of the superintendent of Public Instruction, may approve a middle school program that: (e) at a minimum maintains the following required program areas: (i) visual arts including, but not limited to art history, art criticism, aesthetic perception, and production; (ii) music including, but not limited to general, instrumental, and vocal (emphasizing comprehensive music elements, music history, criticism, aesthetic perception, and musical production). (ARM tit. 10.55.902)

Basic Education Program--High School: The basic education program, aligned to the program area standards, for grades 9 through 12 shall be at least 20 units of coursework that enable all students to meet the content standards and content-specific grade-level learning progressions. Minimum offerings shall include at least the following: 2 units of arts. (ARM tit. 10.55.904)

Nebraska

Elementary Instructional Program: The elementary school has a representative weekly schedule for each classroom teacher encompassing experiences in the following subject areas: 7) Visual Arts Curriculum: The curriculum helps children understand and apply a variety of media, techniques, and processes within a range of subject matter, symbols, and ideas. The curriculum includes reflection upon and assessment of art and study of art in relation to history, culture, and other curricular areas. 8) Music Curriculum: The curriculum helps children to sing and play a variety of music, read and notate music, listen to and describe music, and evaluate music. The curriculum includes music in relation to history, culture, and other curricular areas. (Neb. Admin. Code tit. 92 chap. 10, §004.02A)

Middle Grades Instructional Program: The program in the middle grades includes instruction for each grade each year in the following subject areas. Instruction may be provided through separate courses, integrated blocks of time, and/or through exploratory programs: 7) Arts Curriculum: The curriculum includes activities and experiences designed to develop skills in working with a variety of artistic techniques, processes, and media. The curriculum relates art to history and culture and to other curricular areas. 8) Music Curriculum: The curriculum includes experiences that involve students in singing and playing musical instruments and provides opportunities for students to pursue individual musical interests and to develop individual talents. It includes the study of a varied repertoire of music and its relation to history and culture. (Neb. Admin. Code tit. 92 chap. 10, §004.03A)

Required High School Program: The instructional program in grades 9-12 includes as a minimum the following subject fields and the number of instructional units shown for each: 8) 40 instructional units which include each year instruction in vocal music, instrumental music, and visual arts. It may also include dance and theater. The visual and performing arts curriculum includes performance, interpretation, and evaluation. (Neb. Admin. Code tit. 92 chap. 10, § 004.04B8

Nevada

Academic Subjects: Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, in addition to the core academic subjects, the following subjects must be taught as applicable for grade levels and to the extent practicable in all public schools, the Caliente Youth Center, the Nevada Youth Training Center and any other state facility for the detention of children that is operated pursuant to title 5 of NRS: (a) The arts. (NRS 389.018)

Elementary School: The State Board of Education prescribes the following courses of study for elementary schools: (f) Art and (g) Music. (NAC 389.195)

Academic Subjects: Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, in addition to the core academic subjects, the following subjects must be taught as applicable for grade levels and to the extent practicable in all public schools, the Caliente Youth Center, the Nevada Youth Training Center and any other state facility for the detention of children that is operated pursuant to title 5 of NRS: (a) The arts. (NRS 389.018)

Elementary School: The State Board of Education prescribes the following courses of study for elementary schools: (f) Art and (g) Music. (NAC 389.195)

Academic Subjects: Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, in addition to the core academic subjects, the following subjects must be taught as applicable for grade levels and to the extent practicable in all public schools, the Caliente Youth Center, the Nevada Youth Training Center and any other state facility for the detention of children that is operated pursuant to title 5 of NRS: (a) The arts. (NRS 389.018)

New Hampshire

Arts Education Program: The local school board shall require that an arts education program for grades K-12 provides: Systematic and sequential instruction in the arts disciplines of music and visual art, while developing opportunities for dance and theatre. (N.H. Code Admin. R. Ed 306.31)

Arts Education Program: The local school board shall require that an arts education program for grades K-12 provides: Systematic and sequential instruction in the arts disciplines of music and visual art, while developing opportunities for dance and theatre. (N.H. Code Admin. R. Ed 306.31)

Arts Education Program: The local school board shall require that an arts education program for grades K-12 provides: Systematic and sequential instruction in the arts disciplines of music and visual art, while developing opportunities for dance and theatre. (N.H. Code Admin. R. Ed 306.31)

Program Areas and Credits: The required credits in program areas offered by each high school shall [include] 3 credits in arts education. (N.H. Code Admin. R. Ed 306.27)

New Jersey

General Provisions: The Core Curriculum Content Standards [which includes the visual and performing arts] apply to all students enrolled in public elementary, secondary, and adult high school education programs within the State of New Jersey. (N.J.A.C. 6A:8-1.2)

General Provisions: The Core Curriculum Content Standards [which includes the visual and performing arts] apply to all students enrolled in public elementary, secondary, and adult high school education programs within the State of New Jersey. (N.J.A.C. 6A:8-1.2)

General Provisions: The Core Curriculum Content Standards [which includes the visual and performing arts] apply to all students enrolled in public elementary, secondary, and adult high school education programs within the State of New Jersey. (N.J.A.C. 6A:8-1.2)

New Mexico

Minimum Instructional Areas Required: C. All first, second and third grade classes shall provide instruction in art, music and a language other than English, and instruction that meets content and performance standards shall be provided in science, social studies, physical education and health education. D. In fourth through eighth grades, instruction that meets academic content and performance standards shall be provided in the following subject areas: (6) arts [and] (7) music. (N.M.S.A. § 22-13-1)

Minimum Instructional Areas Required: C. All first, second and third grade classes shall provide instruction in art, music and a language other than English, and instruction that meets content and performance standards shall be provided in science, social studies, physical education and health education. D. In fourth through eighth grades, instruction that meets academic content and performance standards shall be provided in the following subject areas: (6) arts [and] (7) music. (N.M.S.A. § 22-13-1)

Not found in statute or code.

New York

Program Requirements (Pre-K-Grade 4): During grades one through four, all students shall receive instruction that is designed to facilitate their attainment of the State elementary learning standards in: (v) the arts, including visual arts, music, dance and theatre. (N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. tit. 8, § 100.3)

Program Requirements (Grades 5-8): During grades five and six, all students shall receive instruction that is designed to facilitate their attainment of the State intermediate learning standards in the seven general curriculum areas: (v) the arts, including visual arts, music, dance and theatre. Units of study in grades seven and eight: (ix) the arts, including one half unit of study in the visual arts, and one half unit of study in music. (N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. Tit. 8, sec. 100.4)

General School Requirements: All public school districts shall offer students the opportunity to begin an approved sequence in the arts in grade nine. (N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. Tit. 8, sec. 100.2(h))

North Carolina

Basic Education Program: The Basic Education Program shall describe the education program to be offered to every child in the public schools. It shall provide every student in the State equal access to a Basic Education Program. Instruction shall be offered in the areas of arts, communication skills, physical education and personal health and safety, mathematics, media and computer skills, science, second languages, social studies, and vocational and technical education. (N.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-81)

Basic Education Program: The Basic Education Program shall describe the education program to be offered to every child in the public schools. It shall provide every student in the State equal access to a Basic Education Program. Instruction shall be offered in the areas of arts, communication skills, physical education and personal health and safety, mathematics, media and computer skills, science, second languages, social studies, and vocational and technical education. (N.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-81)

Basic Education Program: The Basic Education Program shall describe the education program to be offered to every child in the public schools. It shall provide every student in the State equal access to a Basic Education Program. Instruction shall be offered in the areas of arts, communication skills, physical education and personal health and safety, mathematics, media and computer skills, science, second languages, social studies, and vocational and technical education. (N.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-81)

North Dakota

Instructional Program, Grades 1-6: In grades 1-6, a minimum of 45 minutes per week of instruction in Art and 90 minutes per week in Music are required. (N.D. Admin. Code § 67-19-01-35)

Instructional Program, Grades 7 & 8: Music must be available to all students: (1) For a minimum of one hundred minutes per week in grade seven; (2) For a minimum of one hundred minutes per week in grade eight; or (3) For a minimum of fifty minutes per week in grade seven and for a minimum of fifty minutes per week in grade eight. (b) A minimum of two hundred minutes per week of instruction in courses from one or a combination of the following must be available: (1) Art. (N.D. Admin. Code § 67-19-01-34)

High School Required Units: In order to be approved by the superintendent of public instruction, each public and nonpublic high school shall make available to each student: (g) Two units of fine arts, at least one of which must be music. (N.D. Cent. Code § 15.1-21-02)

Ohio

Curriculum Required: The board of education of each city shall prescribe a curriculum for all schools under their control. In any such curriculum there shall be included the study of the following subjects: (7) the fine arts, including music. (Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3313.60)

Curriculum Required: The board of education of each city shall prescribe a curriculum for all schools under their control. In any such curriculum there shall be included the study of the following subjects: (7) the fine arts, including music. (Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3313.60)

Curriculum Required: The board of education of each city shall prescribe a curriculum for all schools under their control. In any such curriculum there shall be included the study of the following subjects: (7) the fine arts, including music. (Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3313.60)

Oklahoma

Adoption of Curriculum Standards: All students shall gain literacy at the elementary and secondary levels through a core curriculum. Students must develop skills in reading, writing, speaking, computing and critical thinking. They also must learn about cultures and environments - their own and those of others with whom they share the earth. Students, therefore, must study social studies, literature, languages, the arts, mathematics and science. (70 Okl.St.Ann. § 11-103.6)

Adoption of Curriculum Standards: All students shall gain literacy at the elementary and secondary levels through a core curriculum. Students must develop skills in reading, writing, speaking, computing and critical thinking. They also must learn about cultures and environments - their own and those of others with whom they share the earth. Students, therefore, must study social studies, literature, languages, the arts, mathematics and science. (70 Okl.St.Ann. § 11-103.6)

Adoption of Curriculum Standards: All students shall gain literacy at the elementary and secondary levels through a core curriculum. Students must develop skills in reading, writing, speaking, computing and critical thinking. They also must learn about cultures and environments - their own and those of others with whom they share the earth. Students, therefore, must study social studies, literature, languages, the arts, mathematics and science. (70 Okl.St.Ann. § 11-103.6)

Oregon

District Curriculum: Each school district shall provide a planned K-12 instructional program. The planned K-12 instructional program must include the Common Curriculum Goals and academic content standards to include…(E) The arts. (Or. Admin. R. 581-022-1210)

District Curriculum: Each school district shall provide a planned K-12 instructional program. The planned K-12 instructional program must include the Common Curriculum Goals and academic content standards to include…(E) The arts. (Or. Admin. R. 581-022-1210)

District Curriculum: Each school district shall provide a planned K-12 instructional program. The planned K-12 instructional program must include the Common Curriculum Goals and academic content standards to include…(E) The arts. (Or. Admin. R. 581-022-1210)

Pennsylvania

Elementary Education: Planned instruction aligned with academic standards in the following areas shall be provided to every student every year in the primary [up to age 8] and intermediate [up to age 11] program. Planned instruction may be provided as separate course or other interdisciplinary activity: (7) The arts, including art, music, dance and theatre. (22 Pa. Code § 4.21)

Middle Level Education: Planned instruction aligned with academic standards in the following areas shall be provided to every student in the middle level program. Planned instruction may be provided as a separate course or as an instructional unit within a course or other interdisciplinary instructional activity: (8) The arts, including art, music, dance and theatre. (22 Pa. Code § 4.22)

High School Education: Planned instruction aligned with academic standards in the following areas shall be provided to every student in the high school program. Planned instruction may be provided as a separate course or as an instructional unit within a course or other interdisciplinary instructional activity: (6) The arts, including art, music, dance, theatre and humanities. (22 Pa. Code § 4.23)

Rhode Island

Comprehensive Program of Study: Each LEA shall provide a comprehensive program of study in English language arts, mathematics, social studies, the sciences, visual arts & design and the performing arts, engineering and technology, comprehensive health, and world languages throughout the PK‐12 system. (R.I. Rules & Regs. G‐13‐1.3)

Dance, Music, Theater, and Visual Arts & Design: Classes in at least visual arts and design and music shall be available for each student in each grade through the middle level. Curriculum that includes dance and theatre shall adhere to the applicable grade span expectations. (R.I. Rules & Regs. G‐13‐1.3.5)

Comprehensive Program of Study: Each LEA shall provide a comprehensive program of study in English language arts, mathematics, social studies, the sciences, visual arts & design and the performing arts, engineering and technology, comprehensive health, and world languages throughout the PK‐12 system. (R.I. Rules & Regs. G‐13‐1.3)

Dance, Music, Theater, and Visual Arts & Design: Classes in at least visual arts and design and music shall be available for each student in each grade through the middle level. Curriculum that includes dance and theatre shall adhere to the applicable grade span expectations. (R.I. Rules & Regs. G‐13‐1.3.5)

Comprehensive Program of Study: Each LEA shall provide a comprehensive program of study in English language arts, mathematics, social studies, the sciences, visual arts & design and the performing arts, engineering and technology, comprehensive health, and world languages throughout the PK‐12 system. (R.I. Rules & Regs. G‐13‐1.3)

Dance Music, Theater, and Visual Arts & Design: A program of study shall exist for all secondary students to enable them to demonstrate proficiency in at least one art form. Additionally, secondary school students shall be provided with the opportunity to do multiple levels of coursework in visual arts and design in both two and three dimensions and in at least one performing arts discipline. (R.I. Rules & Regs. G‐13‐1.3.5)

South Carolina

Basic Program/Curriculum, Grades 1-5: Instruction in the subject areas [including Visual & Performing Arts] shall be scheduled for each student for a minimum of 1800 minutes or 30 hours per week including lunch, or the equivalent time on a yearly basis. (S.C. Code of Regulations R. 43-231 § II)

Basic Program/Curriculum, Grades 6-8: Instruction in the subject areas [including Visual & Performing Arts] shall be scheduled for each student for a minimum of 1800 minutes or 30 hours per week including lunch, or the equivalent time on a yearly basis. (S.C. Code of Regulations R. 43-232 § I)

Visual and Performing Arts: Schools must offer instruction in each of the following areas: 10. the visual and performing arts. (S.C. Code of Regulations R. 43-234 § V.C.10)

South Dakota

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Required High School Unit Offerings: School districts must offer a minimum of the following every two years: (5) One unit of fine arts. (SD Admin. Rule 24:43:11:07)

Tennessee

Art and Music: The course of instruction in all public schools for kindergarten through grade eight (K-8) shall include art and music education to help each student foster creative thinking, spatial learning, discipline, craftsmanship and the intrinsic rewards of hard work. Local boards of education are encouraged to fully implement the art and music curriculum adopted by the board of education through both art and music classes, as well as integration into other core academic subjects. (Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-1025)

Fine Arts--Grades K-8: The visual arts and music programs, provided annually, must be based on state curriculum standards and must be developmentally appropriate. Instruction in theater arts and dance may be incorporated into the curriculum consistent with state curriculum standards. (Tenn. Comp. R & Regs. 0520-01-03-.05)

Art and Music: The course of instruction in all public schools for kindergarten through grade eight (K-8) shall include art and music education to help each student foster creative thinking, spatial learning, discipline, craftsmanship and the intrinsic rewards of hard work. Local boards of education are encouraged to fully implement the art and music curriculum adopted by the board of education through both art and music classes, as well as integration into other core academic subjects. (Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-1025)

Fine Arts--Grades K-8: The visual arts and music programs, provided annually, must be based on state curriculum standards and must be developmentally appropriate. Instruction in theater arts and dance may be incorporated into the curriculum consistent with state curriculum standards. (Tenn. Comp. R & Regs. 0520-01-03-.05)

Fine Arts--Grades K-12: The [visual art, music, dance, and theatre] programs shall be based on the state curriculum standards and shall be developmentally appropriate with instruction focusing on activities relating to appreciate and production. (Tenn. Comp. R & Regs. 0520-01-03-.05)

Texas

Required Curriculum: A school district that offers kindergarten through Grade 12 must offer the following as a required curriculum: (2) an enrichment curriculum that includes: (D) fine arts. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 74.1)

Required Elementary Curriculum: The district must ensure that sufficient time is provided for teachers to teach and for students to learn English language arts and reading, mathematics, science, social studies, fine arts, health, physical education, technology applications, and to the extent possible, languages other than English. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 74.2)

Required Curriculum: A school district that offers kindergarten through Grade 12 must offer the following as a required curriculum: (2) an enrichment curriculum that includes: (D) fine arts. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 74.1)

Required Secondary Curriculum, Middle Grades 6-8: The district must ensure that sufficient time is provided for teachers to teach and for students to learn English language arts, mathematics, science, social studies, fine arts, health, physical education, technology applications, and to the extent possible, languages other than English. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 74.3)

Required Curriculum: A school district that offers kindergarten through Grade 12 must offer the following as a required curriculum: (2) an enrichment curriculum that includes: (D) fine arts. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 74.1)

Required Secondary Curriculum, Secondary Grades 9-12: The school district must offer [these] courses...and maintain evidence that students have the opportunity to take these courses: (F) fine arts--courses selected from at least two of the four fine arts areas (art, music, theatre, and dance)--Art I, II, III, IV; Music I, II, III, IV; Theatre I, II, III, IV; or Dance I, II, III, IV. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19 § 74.3)

Utah

Elementary Education Requirements: The Board shall establish Core Standards and a Core Curriculum for elementary schools, grades K-6: (e) arts (visual arts, music, dance, theatre). (Utah Admin. Code 277-700-4)

Middle School Education Requirements: Grades 7-8 Core Curriculum Requirements and units of credit: (5) the arts (visual arts, music, dance, theatre) (1.0 unit of credit). (Utah Admin. Code 277-700-5)

High School Requirements: Grades 9-12 Core Curriculum credits from courses approved by the Board, as specified: (5) the arts (1.5 units of credit from any of the following performance areas: visual arts, music, dance, theatre). (Utah Admin. Code 277-700-6) 

Vermont

Courses of Study: The minimum course of study means learning experiences adapted to a pupil's age and ability in the fields of: 6) The fine arts. (16 V.S.A. § 906)

School Quality Standards: Each elementary school offering education in grades K-6 shall provide students with programs at least twice weekly, or the equivalent thereof, in both the arts and physical education. (Vt. Code R. 2120.8.9)

Courses of Study: The minimum course of study means learning experiences adapted to a pupil's age and ability in the fields of: 6) The fine arts. (16 V.S.A. § 906)

School Quality Standards: Each school offering education in grades 7 and 8 shall provide students physical education at least twice weekly, or the equivalent thereof, and one-half year of instruction in each of the following: the arts, family and consumer science, and technology education or the equivalent. (Vt. Code R. 2120.8.9)

Courses of Study: The minimum course of study means learning experiences adapted to a pupil's age and ability in the fields of: 6) The fine arts. (16 V.S.A. § 906)

School Quality Standards: Each school providing education in grades 9-12 shall offer the equivalent of at least four years of study in each of the following academic areas: English language arts; civics, history and the social sciences; mathematics; science; world languages; the arts; and physical education. (Vt. Code R. 2120.8.9)

Virginia

Instructional Programs: Local school boards shall develop and implement a program of instruction for grades K through 12 that...shall emphasize...fine arts, which may include, but need not be limited to, music and art, and practical arts. (Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:1)

Elementary School: Each school shall provide instruction in art, music, and physical education and health and shall require students to participate in a program of physical fitness during the regular school year in accordance with guidelines established by the Board of Education. (8 Va. Admin. Code 20-131-80)

Instructional Programs: Local school boards shall develop and implement a program of instruction for grades K through 12 that...shall emphasize...fine arts, which may include, but need not be limited to, music and art, and practical arts. (Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:1)

Middle School: Each school shall provide instruction in art, music, foreign language, physical education and health, and career and technical exploration and shall require students to participate in a program of physical fitness during the regular school year in accordance with guidelines established by the Board of Education. Four elective courses shall be available: level one of a foreign language, one in health and physical education, one in fine arts, and one in career and technical exploration. (8 Va. Admin. Code 20-131-90)

Instructional Programs: Local school boards shall develop and implement a program of instruction for grades K through 12 that...shall emphasize...fine arts, which may include, but need not be limited to, music and art, and practical arts. (Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-253.13:1)

High School: The secondary school shall provide each student a program of instruction in the academic areas of English, mathematics, science, and history/social science that enables each student to meet the graduation requirements described in 8VAC20-131-50 and shall offer opportunities for students to pursue a program of studies in foreign languages, fine arts, and career and technical areas. (8 Va. Admin. Code 20-131-100)

Washington

Basic Education Act: The goals of each school district shall be to provide opportunities for every student to develop the knowledge and skills essential to: (2) Know and apply the core concepts and principles of mathematics; social, physical, and life sciences; civics and history; geography; arts; and health and fitness. (Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.150.210)

Schools receiving all-day kindergarten program support shall agree to the following conditions: (b) Providing a curriculum that offers a rich, varied set of experiences that assist students in: (iii) providing experiences in arts [among others]. (Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.150.315)

Basic Education Act: The goals of each school district shall be to provide opportunities for every student to develop the knowledge and skills essential to: (2) Know and apply the core concepts and principles of mathematics; social, physical, and life sciences; civics and history; geography; arts; and health and fitness. (Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.150.210)

Basic Education Act: The goals of each school district shall be to provide opportunities for every student to develop the knowledge and skills essential to: (2) Know and apply the core concepts and principles of mathematics; social, physical, and life sciences; civics and history; geography; arts; and health and fitness. (Wash. Rev. Code § 28A.150.210)  

Mandatory Areas of Study: School districts must provide an opportunity for high school students to take at least one course in each of several areas of study, including art and music. (Wash. Admin. Code § 392-410-115)

West Virginia

Foundations for High-Quality Early Learning Programming (Grades K-5): Developmentally Appropriate Standards Focused Curriculum: Best practices for a comprehensive approach to early learning instruction indicate appropriate and sufficient emphases in all content areas [including music and visual art] are provided. Developmentally appropriate integration of content is utilized to provide rigor based on students’ prior experiences, knowledge and developmental levels. (W. Va. Code St. R. § 126-42-5.2.d)

Foundations for High-Quality Middle Level Programming (Grades 6-8): Developmentally Appropriate Standards Focused Curriculum: The programs of study [including music and visual art] will be taught by a team of qualified teachers. A diverse set of developmentally appropriate instructional strategies will scaffold students to mastery and beyond of the grade level content standards and objectives. The principal and a team of teachers will determine an adequate amount of time necessary to achieve mastery of the approved content standards and objectives for each program of study and effectively address the academic needs of all students in the literacy skills of reading, writing, speaking, listening and language in all content areas. Visual art, choral and instrumental music (band or orchestra) will be offered to all students in grades 6-8. Chorus or instrumental music may substitute for a general music course at each grade level. (W. Va. Code St. R. § 126-42-5.3.a)

Adolescent Programs Electives (Grades 9-12): [Schools are required to offer] four sequential courses in music (both choral and instrumental), visual art (general art and/or studio art), dance, theatre. (W. Va. Code St. R. § 126-42-5.4.b)

Wisconsin

Educational Expectations: Each school board shall provide an instructional program designed to give pupils a basic body of knowledge that includes information and concepts in the fine arts [among others]. (Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.01)

District Standards: School districts must offer a kindergarten program for all 5-year-olds in the district that includes opportunities for learning basic concepts and skills in fine arts. For grades K through 6, art and music instruction in elementary schools shall be provided with a written comprehensive art and music curriculum [respectively] by or under the direction of a licensed art or music teacher. (Wis. Admin. Code § PI 8.01)

Educational Expectations: Each school boards shall provide an instructional program designed to give pupils a basic body of knowledge that includes information and concepts in the fine arts [among others]. (Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.01)

For grades 5 through 8, regular instruction shall be provided in...art and music [among others]. For grades 7 through 12, art and [general, vocal, and instrumental] music shall be available to all pupils and taught by a licensed art or music teacher. (Wis. Admin. Code § PI 8.01)

Educational Expectations: Each school boards shall provide an instructional program designed to give pupils a basic body of knowledge that includes information and concepts in the fine arts [among others]. (Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.01)

For grades 7 through 12, art and [general, vocal, and instrumental] music shall be available to all pupils and taught by a licensed art or music teacher. (Wis. Admin. Code § PI 8.01)

Wyoming

District Curriculum: Each school district shall provide educational programs sufficient to meet uniform student content and performance standards at the level established by the state board of education in fine arts and performing arts [among other subjects]. (Wyo. Stat. Ann. 1977 § 21-9-101)

District Curriculum: Each school district shall provide educational programs sufficient to meet uniform student content and performance standards at the level established by the state board of education in fine arts and performing arts [among other subjects]. (Wyo. Stat. Ann. 1977 § 21-9-101)

District Curriculum: Each school district shall provide educational programs sufficient to meet uniform student content and performance standards at the level established by the state board of education in fine arts and performing arts [among other subjects]. (Wyo. Stat. Ann. 1977 § 21-9-101)