Arts in Core Academic Subjects, Assessment, & Accreditation

State Arts Defined as a Core Academic SubjectArts Ed Assessment RequirementsArts Ed Requirements for State Accreditation

Alabama

Core academic subjects means English, reading or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign language, civics and government, economics, arts, history, and geography (Alab. Admin. Code r. 290-8-9-.00)

Not found in statute or code.

Regulations Governing Public Schools: Local boards shall offer foreign languages, arts education, physical education, wellness education, career and technical education, and driver education as electives. (Ala. Admin. Code r. 290-3-1.02 pg. 20)

Alaska

Not found in statute or code. 

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Arizona

Minimum Course of Study: Students shall demonstrate competency as defined by the State Board-adopted Essential Skills, at the grade levels specified, in the required subject areas: 1) Language arts, 2) Literature, 3) Mathematics, 4) Science, 5) Social Studies, 6) Music, 7) Visual Arts, 8) Health/Physical Education, 9) Foreign or native American Languages. (Ariz. Admin. Code R7-2-301) 

Minimum Course of Study and Competency Goals for Students: Students shall demonstrate competency as defined by the State Board-adopted Essential Skills, at the grade levels specified, in the following required subject areas. District instructional programs shall include an ongoing assessment of student progress toward meeting the competency requirements: 6. Music [and] 7. Visual Arts. (Ariz. Admin. Code R7-2-301)

Not found in statute or code.

Arkansas

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Standards for Accreditation: All students in grades K-8 must receive instruction in fine arts annually. Three-and-a-half units in fine arts must be taught annually in grades 9-12. (Code Ark. R. 005 19 007)

California

The term “Academic Subjects,” as it applies to designated subjects adult education teaching credentials, means those studies that are liberal, classical and/or related to high school graduation requirements, rather than technical or vocational, including, but not limited to the subjects contained within the following categories: (1) Elementary and Secondary Basic Skills; (2) English; (3) English as a Second Language; (4) Fine Arts; (5) A Language Other than English (specify); (6) Mathematics; (7) Science; and (8) Social Sciences. (CA Admin. Code Tit. 5 § 80034)

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Colorado

Not found in statute or code.

In revising its preschool through elementary and secondary education standards, each local education provider shall ensure that it adopts standards, at a minimum, in those subject matter areas that are included in the state preschool through elementary and secondary education standards, including but not limited to English language competency and visual arts and performing arts education...Each local education provider shall adopt assessments that are aligned with the local education provider's standards and curricula and that will adequately measure each student's progress toward and attainment of the local education provider's standards for the subject areas that are not assessed by the state through the system of assessments adopted by the state board. (Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-7-1013)

Not found in statute or code.

Connecticut

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Delaware

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

District of Columbia

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Florida

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Georgia

List of State Funded Subjects/Courses: [The listing identifies courses in dance, music, theater, and visual arts as "core".] (GA COMP. RULES & REGS. r. 160-4-2-.20)

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Hawaii

Not found in statute or code.

Effective learning shall be facilitated through the maximum and active participation of each student in the learning process, insuring that personal meaning is derived from curriculum content, appropriate and relevant teaching and learning strategies, and self-assessment as well as standards-based assessment, grading and reporting procedures. The learning experiences shall be included in concepts commonly taught in, but not limited to... fine arts..., or a combination of the above subject areas. (Hawaii State Board of Education Policy 2100)

Not found in statute or code.

Idaho

Not found in statute or code.

Comprehensive Assessment Program: Districts are responsible for writing and implementing assessment in those standards not assessed by the state assessment program. (ID ADC 08.02.03.111)

Not found in statute or code.

Illinois

Accountability Framework: Each school district shall ensure that each school makes available to all students instruction in the six fundamental learning areas, i.e., the language arts, mathematics, the biological and physical sciences, the social sciences, the fine arts, and physical development and health. (Ill. Admin. Code tit. 23, § 1.10)

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Indiana

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Required for State Accreditation: A school must meet the following accreditation requirements to be accorded full accreditation status: (1) Compliance with the following legal standards: (D) Curriculum offering requirements listed under 511 IAC 6.1-5 [which includes visual arts and music]. (511 IAC 6.1-1-4 and 511 IAC 6.1-5)

Iowa

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

General Educational Standards: The following areas shall be taught in grades one through six: English-language arts, social studies, mathematics, science, health, age-appropriate and research-based human growth and development, physical education, traffic safety, music, and visual art. (Iowa Code § 256.11) 

General Educational Standards: The following shall be taught in grades seven and eight: English-language arts; social studies; mathematics; science; health; age-appropriate and research-based human growth and development; family, consumer, career, and technology education; physical education; music; and visual art. (Iowa Code § 256.11)

General Educational Standards: In grades nine through twelve, a unit of credit consists of a course or equivalent related components or partial units taught throughout the academic year. The minimum program to be offered and taught for grades nine through twelve is: i. Three units in the fine arts which shall include at least two of the following: dance, music, theater, and visual art. (Iowa Code § 256.11)

Kansas

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

School Accreditation Requirements: Each school shall be assigned its accreditation status based upon the extent to which the school has met the performance and quality criteria established by the state board in this regulation. The performance criteria shall be as follows: (9) programs and services to support student learning and growth at both the elementary and secondary levels, including the following: (C) fine arts. (Kan. Admin. Regs. 91-31-32)

Kentucky

Core Curriculum Definition: "Core curriculum" means at least one (1) course in science, one (1) course in mathematics, and at least one (1) course in two (2) of the following subject areas: English, social studies, foreign language, and the arts. (Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.007)

Beginning in the 2011-2012 academic year, the Kentucky assessment program shall include program reviews and program audits for arts and humanities, practical living skills and career studies, and the writing programs. For the Arts and Humanities programs, (1) the Kentucky Department of Education shall provide guidelines for these programs and their integration within the curriculum to all schools; (2) the Kentucky Department of Education shall establish and distribute criteria to use in the program review and audit processes and procedures recommended for local district and department reviews and audits; (3) each local district shall do an annual program review and the Department of Education shall conduct a program review of every school's program within a two year period with the frequency of audits to be determined by the Department of Education; and (4) each school-based decision making council shall analyze findings from program reviews for its schools and determine how it will address program recommendations to improve the program for students. (Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.6453)

Not found in statute or code.

Louisiana

Foundation in Fundamentals: The elementary grades shall provide a foundation in fundamentals of the language arts, mathematics, social studies, science, health, physical education, and cultural arts. (La. Admin. Code tit. 28 CXV Bulletin 741 § 2313 (D))

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Maine

System of Learning Results Established: The department shall establish parameters for essential instruction and graduation requirements in English language arts; mathematics; science and technology; social studies; career and education development; visual and performing arts; health, physical education and wellness; and world languages. (Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 20-A, § 6209)

Not found in statute or code.

School Approval Requirements: Elementary and secondary schools and school administrative units must meet all requirements of the system of learning results as established in section 6209 as well as other requirements of Title 20 and other statutory requirements applicable to the public schools and basic school approval standards. (Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 20-A § 4502)

System of Learning Results: The department in consultation with the state board shall establish parameters for essential instruction and graduation requirements in various subjects including visual and performing arts. (Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 20-A § 6209)

Maryland

"Core academic subjects" means English, reading or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, and geography. (COMAR 13A.01.04.02)

Not found in statute or code.

Certification Procedures: By September 1, 1989, and each 5 years after that, each local superintendent of schools shall have certified to the State Superintendent of Schools that the instructional programming within grades K—12 meets, at a minimum, the requirements set forth in Regulation .01 [Regulations covers requirements for Fine Arts instruction programs in grades K-12]. (COMAR 13A.04.16.02)

Massachusetts

The board will direct the commissioner to institute a process to develop academic standards for the core subjects of mathematics, science and technology, history and social science, English, foreign languages and the arts. (Mass. Ann. Laws ch. 69 §1D)

With respect to individual schools, the system shall include instruments designed to assess the extent to which schools and districts succeed in improving or fail to improve student performance, as defined by student acquisition of the skills, competencies and knowledge called for by the academic standards and embodied in the curriculum frameworks established by the board pursuant to sections one D and one E in the areas of mathematics, science and technology, history and social science, English, foreign languages and the arts, as well as by other gauges of student learning judged by the board to be relevant and meaningful to students, parents, teachers, administrators, and taxpayers. (Mass. Ann. Laws ch. 69, § 1J)

Each school district shall file a description of the following instructional procedures and programs with the department every year: (a) art and music programs. [In addition,] each school district shall file a description of the following instructional procedures and programs with the department every year: (a) art and music programs. (Mass. Ann. Laws ch. 69, § 1J)

Michigan

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Minnesota

Required Academic Standards: The following subject areas are required for statewide accountability: language arts, mathematics, science, social studies, physical education, health, and the arts. (Minn. Stat. 120B.021)

Adopting Policies: A school board shall adopt a comprehensive, long-term strategic plan [which] includes: (2)a process for assessing and evaluating each student's progress toward meeting state and local academic standards and identifying the strengths and weaknesses of instruction in pursuit of student and school success and curriculum affecting students' progress and growth toward career and college readiness and leading to the world's best workforce. (Minn. Stat. 120B.11)

Not found in statute or code.

Mississippi

Academic Core: Required course offerings in which specific skills contained in the Mississippi Curriculum Frameworks must be taught. Subjects in the academic core are English/language arts, mathematics, science, social studies, foreign languages, and arts. (MS Public School Accountability Standards, p. 60)

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Missouri

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

The Missouri School Improvement Program (MSIP): MSIP-5 Process Standards and Indicators will include evidence of adequate insruction in physical education and fine arts to be included in standards used to determine classification. School district performance will be reviewed annually by the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education in accordance with this rule...The board will assign classification designations of unaccredited, provisionally accredited, accredited, and accredited with distrinction based on the standards of the MSIP. (5 CSR 20-100.105)

Montana

Not found in statute or code.

School Accreditation–Curriculum and Assessment: Local school districts shall ensure their curriculum is aligned to all content standards [one of which is the arts] and the appropriate learning progression for each grade level. School districts shall assess the progress of all students toward achieving content standards and content-specific grade-level learning progressions in each program area. (ARM tit. 10.55.603)

Arts Program Delivery Standards: [Montana has identified specific conditions and practices that all basic arts programs shall meet.] (ARM tit. 10.55.1201)

Nebraska

Core Curriculum: Core Curriculum means a curriculum which includes language arts, social studies, science, mathematics, vocational education, foreign language, visual and performing arts and personal health and physical fitness and which, in public schools, incorporates multicultural education in all areas. (Neb. Admin. Code tit. 92-10, §002.05)

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Nevada

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

New Hampshire

Core Subjects: The local school board shall require an integrated approach to the use of 21st century tools…for students to: Become proficient in the use of 21st century tools to access, manage, integrate, evaluate, and create information within the context of the core subjects of: Reading, Mathematics, English and language arts, Science, Social studies (including civics, government, economics, history, and geography, arts, and world languages). (N.H. Code Admin. R. 306.42)

Criteria for an Adequate Education: An adequate education shall provide all students with the opportunity to acquire: V. Grounding in the arts, languages, and literature to enable them to appreciate our cultural heritage and develop lifelong interests and involvement in these areas. (N.H.S. 193-E:2)

Substantive Educational Content of an Adequate Education: I. Beginning in the school year 2008-2009, the specific criteria and substantive educational program that deliver the opportunity for an adequate education shall be defined and identified as the school approval standards in the following areas: (e) Arts education. (N.H.S. 193-E:2-a)

Assessment: Schools must provide for the ongoing assessment of learning outcomes through the use of local assessments that are aligned with state and district content and performance standards [including arts education] (N.H. Code Admin. R. Ed 306.24)

Approved Schools: In order to be an approved school, public schools and public academies shall meet the applicable criteria established in these standards [including arts education programming]. (N.H. Code Admin. R. Ed 306.01)

New Jersey

Core Curriculum Content Standards: "Core Curriculum Content Standards" or "CCCS" describe the knowledge and skills all New Jersey students are expected to acquire by benchmark grades in the following areas: English language arts; mathematics; science; social studies; visual and performing arts; comprehensive health and physical education; world languages; technology; and 21st career life and careers. (N.J.A.C. 6A:8-1.3)

District boards of education shall be responsible for assessing and publicly reporting on the progress of all students in developing the knowledge and skills specified by the Core Curriculum Content Standards [which includes visual and performing arts], including civics, financial literacy, and all content areas not currently included in the Statewide assessment program. (N.J.A.C. 6A:8-3.1)

Not found in statute or code.

New Mexico

“Core academic subjects” means English, language arts, reading, mathematics, science, the arts, including music and visual arts, social studies, which includes civics, government, economics, history, and geography, and modern and classical languages, except the modern and classical Native American languages and cultures of New Mexico tribes or pueblos. (NMAC 6.61.5.7)

Not found in statute or code.

Accreditation: The department shall require public schools to address department-approved academic content and performance standards when instructing in specific department-required subject areas [including music and art in grades 2-8]. A public school or school district failing to meet these minimum requirements shall not be accredited by the department. (N.M.S.A. § 22-13-1)

New York

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

North Carolina

Basic Education Program: The Basic Education Program shall describe the education program to be offered to every child in the public schools. It shall provide every student in the State equal access to a Basic Education Program. Instruction shall be offered in the areas of arts, communication skills, physical education and personal health and safety, mathematics, media and computer skills, science, second languages, social studies, and vocational and technical education. (N.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-81)

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

North Dakota

Core Academic Areas: English, reading and language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, music, visual arts, history, civics and government, geography, and economics are considered core academic areas. (N.D. Admin. Code § 67.1-02-03-07)

Not found in statute or code.

Accreditation Standards: In grades 1-6, a minimum of 45 minutes per week of instruction in Art and 90 minutes per week in Music are required. (N.D. Admin. Code § 67-19-01-35)

Instructional Program, Grades 7 & 8: Music must be available to all students: (1) For a minimum of one hundred minutes per week in grade seven; (2) For a minimum of one hundred minutes per week in grade eight; or (3) For a minimum of fifty minutes per week in grade seven and for a minimum of fifty minutes per week in grade eight. (b) A minimum of two hundred minutes per week of instruction in courses from one or a combination of the following must be available: (1) Art. (N.D. Admin. Code § 67-19-01-34)

High School Required Units: In order to be approved by the superintendent of public instruction, each public and nonpublic high school shall make available to each student: (g) Two units of fine arts, at least one of which must be music. (N.D. Cent. Code § 15.1-21-02)

Ohio

Not found in statute or code.

School District Curriculum and Instruction: A course of study shall be adopted for each subject taught. Each course of study [including fine arts] shall (v) provide a way to assess student progress and the need for intervention; and (viii) be guided by Ohio's state-adopted model curriculum programs, or other curricular models, and objectives assessed by the state proficiency tests. Districts shall provide for an assessment system that aligns with their courses of study and includes: (1) regular assessment of student performance; and (2) guidelines for using assessment results for instruction, evaluation, intervention, guidance, and grade-promotion decisions. (Ohio Admin. Code 3301-35-04 (A)(1 and 5) and (G))

Not found in statute or code.

Oklahoma

Priority Academic Student Skills, Arts Overview: Since 1990 the arts have been part of core curriculum in Oklahoma. The Priority Academic Student Skills (PASS) in the arts is a basic curriculum framework. (Okla. Admin. Code 210:15-3-114)

Norm-Referenced Tests--Criterion-Referenced Tests: Each school district shall administer to each student in the school district in grades three through eight an assessment designed to assess the student in the fine arts area in which the student has received instruction. Each school district shall prepare an annual report for approval by the State Board of Education outlining the fine arts assessment strategies used by the district, when the assessments were administered, how many students were assessed during the previous year, and the results of the assessments. (70 Okl. St. Ann. § 1210.508-A-7)

The written curriculum shall include the state Priority Academic Student Skills [one is Fine Arts]. (Okla. Admin. Code 210:35-3-66)

Oregon

Standard Education, Common Knowledge and Skills: The standard education is comprised of: (1) Common Curriculum Goals that consist of […] (b) Common Knowledge and Skills. The Common Knowledge and Skills consists of facts, concepts, principles, rules, procedures and methods of inquiry associated with the following subject matter areas: A) English Language Arts; B) Mathematics; C) Health Education; D) Science Education; E) Physical Education; F) Social Studies; (G) Music; (H) Art; I) Personal Finance; J) Second Language and Culture; K) Career Education. (Or. Admin. R. 581-021-0200)

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Pennsylvania

Not found in statute or code.

Assessments and Public Reporting: School entities shall assess the attainment of academic standards developed under subsections (a) and (c) one of which is Arts & Humanities] and any other academic standards that they develop and describe in their strategic plans under § 4.52(c) for purposes of high school graduation and strategies for assisting students to attain them. Plans for assessment developed by school entities must take into account that academic standards [one of which is Arts & Humanities] in subsections (a) and (c) may be attained by students in various ways and shall be assessed in various ways. Children with disabilities may attain the academic standards by completion of their individualized education programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and this part. (22 Pa. Code § 4.12)

Not found in statute or code.

Rhode Island

Core Academic Areas: English language arts, mathematics, science, social studies, the arts, and technology. (R.I. Rules & Regs. L-6-1.0)

Comprehensive Assessment: Each LEA shall develop a comprehensive assessment system that includes measures of student performance for the purposes of formative, interim, and summative evaluations of all students in each core content area [one is the arts]. (R.I. Rules & Regs. G-13-3.1)

Proficiency: Commencing with the graduating class of 2014, each LEA shall create a composite measure of each student’s overall proficiency in the six core academic areas: English language arts, math, science, social studies, the arts, and technology. (R.I. Rules & Regs. L-6-3.0)

Not found in statute or code.

South Carolina

The core academic subjects are English, reading or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics, government, economics, history, geography, and the arts. (S.C. Code of Regulations R. 43-53)

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

South Dakota

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Tennessee

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Texas

Curriculum Requirements for High School: [The fine arts are among the] academic core components. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19 § 74.12 and 74.72 - 74)

Not found in statute or code.

Required Curriculum: A school district that offers kindergarten through Grade 12 must offer the following as a required curriculum: (2) an enrichment curriculum that includes: (D) fine arts. (Tex. Admin. Code tit. 19, § 74.1)

Utah

Core subjects means courses for which there is a declared set of Core Standards as approved by the Board. The Board shall establish Core Standards and a Core Curriculum for elementary schools, grades K- 6: (e) arts. Grades 7-8 Core Curriculum Requirements and units of credit: (5) the arts (1.0 unit of credit). Grades 9-12 Core Curriculum credits from courses approved by the Board, as specified: (5) the arts (1.5 units of credit). (Utah Admin. Code 277-700)

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Vermont

Not found in statute or code.

Local Comprehensive Assessment: By September 1, 2006, each school district shall develop a local comprehensive assessment system that [includes the arts]. (Vt. Code R. 2120.2.2)

Not found in statute or code.

Virginia

"Core academic subjects" means English, reading or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics, and government, economics, arts, history, and geography. (8 Va. Admin. Code 20-81-10)

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Washington

Not found in statute or code.

By the end of the 2008-09 school year, school districts shall have in place in elementary schools, middle schools, and high schools assessments or other strategies chosen by the district to assure that students have an opportunity to learn the essential academic learning requirements in social studies, the arts, and health and fitness. The office of the superintendent of public instruction may not require school districts to use a classroom-based assessment in social studies, the arts, and health and fitness to meet the requirements of this section and shall clearly communicate to districts their option to use other strategies chosen by the district. (Wash. Rev. Code 28A.230.095)

Not found in statute or code.

West Virginia

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

Wisconsin

Not found in statute or code.

Not found in statute or code.

School District Standards: Each school district shall meet all of the school district standards [which include instructional requirements for art and music]. (Wis. Admin. Code § PI 8.01)

Wyoming

Common Core of Knowledge Areas: [includes] A) Reading/language arts; (B) Social studies; (C) Mathematics; (D) Science; (E) Fine arts and performing arts; (F) Physical education; (G) Health and safety; (H) Humanities; (J) Career/vocational education; (K) Foreign cultures and languages; (M) Applied technology; (N) Government and civics. (Wyo. Stat. Ann. 1977 § 21-9-101)

The combination of assessments that comprise the [district assessment] system shall be aligned with district content and performance standards so that the full set of standards in the common core of knowledge and skills [including fine and performing arts]...is assessed. (WY Ed Regulations Ch. 6 § 8)

School Accreditation--Student Standards: All public school students shall meet the student content and performance standards at the level set by the school district aligned to state standards for: Common Core of Knowledge [Fine and performing arts are a subject area]. (WY Ed Regulations Ch. 6 § 7)